MULTICORR: Galvanic Corrosion in Multi-material Joints

Last modified: 
05-06-2020

Did you already had to deal with galvanic corrosion?

When two different materials come into contact with each other, the least noble material will undergo accelerated degradation in an aggressive environment. This phenomenon is called galvanic corrosion. In the figure below, you can see for example an accelerated degradation of the aluminium that is joined to a copper tube.

 

Galvanic corrosion by contact between aluminium and copper after 6 weeks of salt spray testing 

Different solutions are available to prevent galvanic corrosion, but depending on the application and specific requirements with regard to the components, not all solutions are functional.

Project goals

This project aims to investigate the risk of galvanic corrosion in combinations of different materials (mainly metals). The project was started in 2019 with an extensive user group that is situated in various sectors: companies in the transport sector and in metal construction and manufacturing companies that produce appliances or utensils for aggressive environments (for example, offshore).
Concrete interest mainly consists of bolt and other screw connections, with specific focus on the following metals:

  • Galvanized steel (zinc and zinc-aluminum-magnesium galvanization)
  • Other protection methods with zinc: zinc flake coatings, zinc paints
  • Stainless steel
  • Aluminium

In addition, research will also be conducted into the risk of galvanic corrosion when joining metals with carbon fiber reinforced composites.

A few examples that can be investigated:

  • Contact of copper and aluminium in batteries or heat exchangers
  • Bolted connections
  • Contact of steel and aluminium for lightweight applications (for example, the transport sector)
  • Black and white joints (steel with stainless steel)
  • Contact of metals with composites for lightweight applications (for example, the transport sector)

The research questions for such cases can include:

  • Is there a risk of galvanic corrosion in my application? Which effect does galvanic corrosion have on the life cycle of systems?
  • Which codes of good practice are there already to prevent galvanic corrosion for my application?
  • Which techniques are available for my application to prevent galvanic corrosion and which technique is the most suitable for the life cycle of my component?

 

Project description

The studies included translation research of available information in publications, short corrosion tests (polarization tests), cyclic corrosion tests and atmospheric tests. An example of test sample with a galvanized part (ZM 310) in combination with galvanized bolts and stainless steel bolts is shown in the Figure below. These lab tests are combined with simulations to predict galvanic corrosion.

In a first phase, current applications at companies are examined for their risk of galvanic corrosion. Protection methods to prevent galvanic corrosion in these applications are then also tested.

Test sample: different bolted connections are tested on a galvanized part (ZM310 galvanization)

 

Is galvanic corrosion a problem in your company or do you have questions about this theme? Please fill in your details below!